Bulle Tower Marks Barfield – BA de i360 (2006 – 2016) Brighton, Britain, UK

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Marks Barfield Architects BA de i360 Brighton Tower


British Airways i360 is an observation tower 162 meters


British Airways i360 is an observation tower 162 meters on the seafront of Brighton in the Earth end of the old pier West.

The tower opened on 4 August 2016.



From fully open viewing podium , visitors will have a view of 360 ° Brighton, South Downs, the Channel and the clearest possible days Beachy Head 17 miles (27 km) east and the Isle of Wight 49 in what (79 km) West. Formerly known as the “Brighton i360”, the project aims to draw 739 000 paying customers each year. The website owner, le West Pier Trust, hoped 2014 i360 that success would lead to the reconstruction of the historic West Pier.


British Airways i360 Has been conceived, designed, manufactured and promoted by the responsible team from the London Eye . Developers estimate that the i360 will generate more than 440 permanent jobs; 160 positions attraction, and additional employment income from derivatives to other businesses in the city. The ride cost £ 46 millions, with £ 36 million being financed by a loan from the Council of loans to public works (PWLB) via the city council Brighton and Hove .


Designed to accommodate 200 people together, the superstructure is no small feat of ingenuity of design. Made of 24 glass segments by hand, each flap is double glazed and constructed from two laminated sheets, curved glued together and separated from each other by a double glazed sealed air space. Tempered glass such as this can not be cut to size, so that each piece was formed precisely from start to fit snugly into the steel "ribs" of the dome.


The views are another thing of true beauty, particularly because of the vast panorama on offer. As well as 26 thousands of Brighton & Hove, the English Channel and the coastal landscape of Sussex. Plans were submitted in June 2006 and were approved by the city council of Brighton and Hove later this year, construction should begin in 2007. Following delays of about 15 month, Offsite Construction sections of the tower began in 2008 in the Nederlands , and working to rebuild the arches below and east of the pier for the construction of the tower began in November 2012.


Work on the tower itself began in May 2014, attraction to be initiated in 2016.



The Dutch specialist Hollandia metallurgy prefabricated cylindrical sections steel tower.

The column diameter 4 meters and is the thinnest high world tour.

The glass passenger pod has been designed and built by specialists from the cable POMA , who also built the London Eye capsules.

The passenger pod measurement 18 meters in diameter and can hold up 200 people.

The indicator moves from street level to a height of 138 meters before returning at the beach.

The pod has a view to 360 Degrees around the curved glass and is heated and cooled, with full wheelchair accessibility and a bench. It also contains a bar; and restaurant in the base building called Belle Vue.


The West Pier is a converted pier and in front of the beach in Brighton, England.






It is built 1866 by Eugenius Birch and consists of three parts connected by gateway, form a pier head small round flag, a concert hall built in 1866 and a large pavilion with a built theater 1893 at the end of the pier.

In 1932 is added a raised access bridge.
In 1975 it is closed to the public for safety reasons pending renovation. She is with Pier Clevedon (Clevedon Pier) one of the two piers "piers" classified historic monument (Grade one listed) UK.



Destruction du West Pier

closed 1975 it has deteriorated over the years, renovation work was not forthcoming.



The 29 December 2002 during a storm,
the bridge connecting the two main blocs collapsed into the sea.


The concert hall West Pier before its destruction
Collapse of the bridge in December 2002


the 20 January 2003 – in turn the concert hall partially collapses.




The 28 mars 2003 – the pavilion is beset by a fire that firefighters are powerless to extinguish lack of direct access to the building.


The 11 May 2003 – a second fire broke out on the left of the concert hall.


The 23 June 2004 – strong winds cause the total collapse of the concert hall.



In spring 2006 the West Pier Trust announced a new plan to restore the West Pier associated with the construction of an observation tower 183 meter high tower named the i360.





Since the remains of the bridge, on the beach. Mars 2017.


The latest draft of the pier reconstruction since its cost was too high was abandoned.
At the beginning of February 2014, a large fragment of the remaining metallic structure collapses in the sea under the effect of a storm.



The columns in the Piazza

Columns on the beach before being retired to the court of Mackley


of art manufacturing processes for iron Brighton Beach not proceed step, tell a story that is part of a tradition of going back hundreds of years. Foundry Men should be able to trust completely, and everyone know exactly where the other is standing by the second.


Preparation of West Pier columns


In total, 38 columns were carefully transported by Mackley, the prime contractor for British Airways i360, West Sussex in their yard.

The columns were stored safely until the landscape design project can begin.
At the end of 2014, Landscape design team commissioned a condition report for the general state of the columns.
The columns were found to be suitable for reuse in non-structural capacity and non load bearing.
A more detailed inventory of the columns was carried out during autumn 2015. Each column was numbered, measured and evaluated according to its relevance.

During the winter 2015, the columns were transported to Swan Foundry in Oxfordshire.
Swan worked with Marks Barfield Architects for the restoration of West Pier toll booths which are now each side of British Airways i360.

The design team felt it was important to keep as much as possible the intrinsic character columns. By working closely with Swan, a decision was made to rotate slightly. This roller surface, dirt and shingle were eliminated without the columns are shiny or smooth. During this process, the number of columns used was reduced to 24.




The artist and sculptor Steve Geliot
were commissioned to design and manage the production of specialized cast details to sit around the base of each column and complete their striking simplicity.

The artist and sculptor Steve Geliot were commissioned to design and manage twenty-four columns of cast iron which are now in the Piazza, east of British Airways i360, were originally part of the substructure of the West Pier.

La Piazza is an area dedicated to the heritage of the West Pier, celebrating his personality and unique charm. A large flexible space for visitors. This is part of landscaping work on the waterfront funded by revenues of the board of British Airways i360.

In the early stages of the design process, it was agreed that the original artifacts of West Pier would be incorporated in its conception.production details cast specialized to sit around the base of each column and complete their striking simplicity.


The Dutch specialist Hollandia metallurgy prefabricated cylindrical sections steel tower.

The column diameter 4 meters and is the thinnest high world tour.

The glass passenger pod has been designed and built by specialists from the cable POMA , who also built the London Eye capsules.

The passenger pod measurement 18 meters in diameter and can hold up 200 people.

The indicator moves from street level to a height of 138 meters before returning at the beach.

The pod has a view to 360 Degrees around the curved glass and is heated and cooled, with full wheelchair accessibility and a bench. It also contains a bar; and restaurant in the base building called Belle Vue.




 

British Airways glass i360 pod visualization timelapse :















Sunrise – British Airways i360 – Drone Film




 



 

 

Virginia Maneval

I am the daughter of Jean Benjamin Maneval, famous urban architect who notably created the Bulle Six Coques, a plastic house from the pop years. You can also find me on my Facebook page Bubblemania.fr or on my page La Bulle Six Coques by Jean Benjamin Maneval.

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