Nagakin (1970-1972) Kisho Kurokawa – Shimbashi, Japan

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Kurokawa Kisho (Nagoya) 1934-2007 (Tokyo)
is a Japanese architect and a founder of the movement called the "metabolism".

The metabolism has had very few opportunities to translate its principles into built projects, Capsule Tower and Nakagin, built between 1970 and 1972 par Kisho Kurokawa dans le quartier de Shimbashi à Tokyo, is probably the most famous example. The two concrete towers of the building, from 11 and 13 floors, are connected to each other and have a staircase and elevator shaft in the center of each. They are home to a total of 140 prefabricated capsules, each independent of its neighbor, set as a projection from the central supporting frame.

Designed by architect Kisho Kurokawa is located in the district of Shimbashi. This round 13 floors, 144 individual capsules (140 homes / offices) modular installed in the Tokyo neighborhood EST, its first tenants came from 1972.

The Capsule Tower Nakagin ( The central bank Capsule Tower Nakagin Kapuseru TAWA ) Tower is a mixed use of’ residential and office designed by architect Kisho Kurokawa and located in Shimbashi , Tokyo , Japan . Completed in only 30 days 1972, the building is a rare surviving example of Japanese Metabolism , an iconic architectural movement of cultural resurgence postwar Japan.

It was the first capsule architecture example in the world built for permanent use and practical. The building still exists but has fallen into disuse. In October 2012, thirty capsules on 140 were still used as apartments, while others were used for storage or offices, or simply abandoned and left to the state of deterioration. After joining in September 2015 EYExplore the photography company, Tokyo-based, transferred its office in one of the capsules, declarer: "We wanted to take a stand and be part of this unique historic building instead of being helpless spectators. No later than August 2017, capsules could still be rented (relatively inexpensive, given the locality of Ginza ), although the waiting list remains long.

Scheduled to last 25 years, la Nakagin Capsule Tower still stands today despite the destruction of threat to this experimental monument which could or should be registered UNESCO.

As a result of this construction, Kurokawa built en 1979 the first capsule hotel, Capsule Inn Osaka, others will follow. The hotel, with spacious rooms 2m x 1m was also used by the cinema in films like Gung Ho (1986), Hotel New Rose of Abel Ferrara, Fast & Furious 3 – Tokyo Drift (2006), Our neighbors Dhantsu (2007) and Cars 2 (2011). The concept is included in The Fifth Element (1997) or in the video game Deus Ex: Human Revolution d’Eidos Montreal (2011).



The structure has been somewhat neglected, poorly maintained over the 30 last years..

A case study for the Capsule House K (1971-1973)
Mori Izumi, Nagano Prefecture, Japan

Architect – Kisho Kurokawa



EXPO ‘ 70 – King Japan

The Takara Pavilion Expo '70 represented the brand Takara Japanese furniture and contained a large sample of items sold by the company. The main structural parts of the building consisted of 12 metal pipes, assembled in fours, generating a cubic space which housed each exposure capsules. The entire construction was dry and it took a few days to build all the main skeleton of the pavilion, since the capsules were already equipped with the sample of the Takara Company. The design of the structure is addressed through the fallen petals of the cherry blossom, that evokes the Japanese spirit of bushido, which in the Buddhist ritual encourages living beings and generates in harmony with nature beauty.

Kisho Kurokawa, Takara Beautilion, Expo in Osaka ~ Japan

René Burri – Osaka World fair’70. JAPAN




Virginia Maneval

I am the daughter of Jean Benjamin Maneval, famous urban architect who notably created the Bulle Six Coques, a plastic house from the pop years. You can also find me on my Facebook page or on my page La Bulle Six Coques by Jean Benjamin Maneval.

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